Seven other states have signed the Paris Agreement, but have not ratified it. The process of translating and implementing the Paris Agreement into national agendas has begun. The commitment of the least developed countries (LDCs) is an example of this. The PMA Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative for Sustainable Development, known as pma REEEI, aims to provide sustainable and clean energy to millions of people in the least developed countries, improve access to energy, create jobs and contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.  After ratification, the agreement requires governments to submit their emission reduction plans. They will eventually have to do their part to keep global temperatures well below 2°C above the pre-industrial period and «make efforts» to limit them to 1.5°C. The Paris Agreement includes a series of binding measures to monitor, verify and report to the public on progress towards a country`s emission reduction targets. The rules on improving transparency apply to all countries within a common framework, with provisions and support for nations that are not currently able to strengthen their systems over time. However, it is important to remember that the Paris Agreement is not static. Instead, it aims to support countries` national efforts over time, meaning that current commitments are the ground, not the ceiling, for climate change ambitions. Heavy lifting – further reducing emissions by 2030 and 2050 – still needs to be done, and the agreement provides the tools to ensure this happens.
INDCs become NDCs – national contributions – as soon as a country formally accedes to the agreement. There are no specific requirements on how or to what extent countries should reduce emissions, but there were political expectations about the nature and rigour of different countries` targets. As a result, national plans are very different in scale and ambition and largely reflect each country`s capabilities, level of development and contribution to emissions over time. For example, China has committed to leveling its CO2 emissions by 2030 at the latest and reducing CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 60-65% by 2030 compared to their 2005 level. India has set a target of reducing emissions intensity by 33-35% compared to 2005 by 2030 and producing 40% of its electricity from non-fossil sources. On June 1, 6, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement.  Pursuant to Article 28, the agreement that entered into force in the United States on November 4, 2016 is the earliest possible date for the effective withdrawal of the United States on November 4, 2020. If it had decided to withdraw by leaving the UNFCCC, it could be immediately denounced (the UNFCCC entered into force for the United States in 1994) and enter into force a year later. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration officially communicated to the United Nations that the United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it has the legal right to do so.  The invitation to resign could only be presented after the agreement entered into force for the United States for three years in 2019.   Niklas Höhne, a climatologist and founder of the New Climate Institute in Germany, said Turkey was on the list of countries that have yet to ratify the agreement.
1. Afghanistan 2. Albania 3. Algeria 4. Andorra 5. Angola 6. Antigua and Barbuda 7. . .