Before work, here`s some background. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the multilateral organization that has established the basic rules of trade among its 164 member states, including the United States. Within the WTO, there are two non-tariff agreements that directly affect FDA regulators: the Agreement on the Application of Health and Plant Health Measures (SPS), which includes food and animal safety measures essential to the protection of human and animal health, and the agreement on technical barriers to trade or the CTA, which covers the technical rules necessary to ensure compliance with FDA requirements (and packaging). transparency, normative measures and compliance assessment. The Trump administration`s office proposed the USMCA citing new measures for digital commerce, strengthening the protection of trade secrets and adapting the rules of origin of automobiles among the benefits of the trade agreement.  In a major concession to Democrats, the Trump administration has declared its readiness to support certain protective measures for a class of drugs called advanced and very expensive biologists. The final agreement nullifies a provision that, for ten years, provided protection for drugs from cheaper alternatives in both Canada and Mexico. In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Donald Trump`s campaign included a promise to renegotiate or eliminate NAFTA if the renegotiations fail.  After the election, Trump made a series of changes that influenced trade relations with other countries.
The exit from the Paris Agreement, the cessation of participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and the significantly larger increase in tariffs with China were some of the steps he took, which reinforced the fact that he was serious about changing NAFTA.  Much of the debate about the virtues and errors of the USMCA resembles the debate on all free trade agreements (FTAs), such as the nature of free trade agreements as public goods, potential violations of national sovereignty and the role of commercial, labour, environmental and consumer interests in the development of the language of trade agreements. For the first time, the new agreement also stipulates that 40-45% of parts of a non-tariff vehicle must come from a so-called high-wage plant.